SSH Login Without Password

1. Create an SSH Key

Use the ssh-keygen command to create an SSH key.  Accept all the defaults by pressing ENTER at every prompt.  You’ll want to leave the passphrase empty.

linuxsvr01$ ssh-keygen
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/user/.ssh/id_rsa):
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /home/user/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/user/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
b2:ad:a0:80:85:ad:6c:16:bd:1c:e7:63:4f:a0:00:15 user@host
The key's randomart image is:
+---[RSA 2048]----+
|           . o + |
|         = X * . |
|      . O @ = . .|
|     + o X O . + |
|   . = S * = o   |
| . ..o . . o .   |
|     + .o. E     |
|      + ...o.    |
|     . . ooo+.   |
+----[SHA256]-----+
linuxsvr01$

Note: You can optionally add a passphrase for the key itself.  If you do use a passphrase, then you will have to use an ssh-agent to cache the passphrase.  While the passphrase is cached you can connect without entering in the passphrase.

2. Copy the SSH Public Key to the Remote Host

linuxsvr01$ ssh-copy-id root@linuxsvr02
root@linuxsvr02's password:
linuxsvr01$

3. Login to the Remote Host Without a Password

Now you can connect to the server without a password.

linuxsvr01$ ssh root@linuxsvr02
Last login: Tue Apr 22 11:35:41 2016 from 10.23.45.67
linuxsvr02#