lsof

lsof – list open files (files include network connections)

lsof -i

lsof -i :port

 example : lsof  -i :25       (25 send mail port)

lsof [ -?abChlnNOPRstUvVX ] [ -A A ] [ -c c ] [ +|-d d ] [ +|-D D ] [ +|-f [cfgGn] ] [ -F [f] ] [ -g [s] ] [ -i [i] ] [ -k k ] [ +|-L [l] ] [ -m m ] [ +|-M ] [ -o [o] ] [ -p s ] [ +|-r [t] ] [ -S [t] ] [ -T [t]] [ -u s ] [ +|-w ] [  ] [names

In the absence of any options, lsof lists all open files belonging to all active processes.

 

Lsof command used in many Linux/Unix like system that is used to display list of all the open files and the processes. The open files included are disk filesnetwork socketspipes,devices and processes. One of the main reason for using this command is when a disk cannot be unmounted and displays the error that files are being used or opened. With this commmand you can easily identify which files are in use. The most common format for this command is.

# lsof

COMMAND     PID      USER   FD      TYPE     DEVICE     SIZE       NODE NAME
init          1      root  cwd       DIR      104,2     4096          2 /
init          1      root  rtd       DIR      104,2     4096          2 /
init          1      root  txt       REG      104,2    38652   17710339 /sbin/init
init          1      root  mem       REG      104,2   129900     196453 /lib/ld-2.5.so
init          1      root  mem       REG      104,2  1693812     196454 /lib/libc-2.5.so
init          1      root  mem       REG      104,2    20668     196479 /lib/libdl-2.5.so
init          1      root  mem       REG      104,2   245376     196419 /lib/libsepol.so.1
init          1      root  mem       REG      104,2    93508     196431 /lib/libselinux.so.1
init          1      root   10u     FIFO       0,17                 953 /dev/initctl